Motivation

business evolutionThe Region of Murcia has a youth unemployment rate of over 40%. The average national unemployment rate is nearly 50% (according to the Institute for Economics Studies from the Eurostat Regional Yearbook, 2011). In Spain, unlike other European countries, entrepreneurship is not a professional option for most people. Compared to the USA, American people take the risk in setting up a business 3 times higher than the Spanish people.

Promoting entrepreneurial culture among youngsters is the most attractive and interesting way to increase employment. Entrepreneurial initiative is the attitude and process to create and develop an economic activity, combining risk taking, creativity and innovation together with a solid management within a new or already existing organization.

Also the Province of Alessandria is facing a terrible period of unemployment over the 28% for young people, the worth result for Northern Italy. This aspect has become even more problematic considering that this year the Municipality of Alessandria has bankrupt.

Enormous efforts are made every day by the employment offices of the Province of Alessandria to face this complex situation. One of the more effective actions carried out by them has be the “CREAZIONE DI IMPRESA” “Enterprise creation” service. In fact during the last 3 years 2.172 persons contacted the service and 164 were helped to elaborate a business plan. A positive result was obtained 136 New SMEs started their activity and the Province of Alessandria gave them € 570.654 from EFS for their start up.

After this experience it has been focused that an important aspect is the strengthening of entrepreneurial culture that usually is not though In the secondary schools.

 

According to a recent research of the Príncipe Girona Foundation, the percentage of entrepreneurs in Spain is as low as 5,1%, and decreasing with the economic crisis. However, even if half of the entrepreneurs are aged between 18 and 34, they value more having stability and a steady income rather than independence or time freedom.

In the above mentioned research, there are 3 key factors for the entrepreneurial initiative to be higher in some countries:

 

Entrepreneurial culture

  • Spanish and Italian youngsters meet many values ​​needed for entrepreneurship, but they detect obstacles: both external (economic situation, access to finance, social value) and internal (fear of failure, attitude towards risk, lack of creativity).
  • The media have a vital role to improve social perception towards entrepreneurs. It is important that they make public and properly value all those relevant cases of entrepreneurs and their projects.

 

Entrepreneurship training

  • Spanish and Italian youngsters do not have the perception that they have been educated to be entrepreneurs. Experts agree that it is necessary to promote more, and to a higher degree, the training of the entrepreneurial initiative.
  • It is required to train teachers and to elaborate suitable material for pre-university modules on entrepreneurial initiative and make common courses on the creation of new businesses.

 

As far as financing, youngsters and experts agree that it is one of the main problems, despite some steps being taken.

Entrepreneurial initiative is a discipline and as such it can be learned. The learning process of the entrepreneurial initiative is as important as its content. It is necessary that there is entrepreneurial activity as you learn. Doing so, you are developing skills such as autonomy, self-confidence and decision-making in risky environments and learning about inspiring success stories.

 

Schools can and must support the development of these skills promoting entrepreneurial character, boosting the initiative, the innovation and the creativity and of course, creating early links with the workplace.